Thursday, January 30, 2014

What You Should Know about Rosacea

Your skin is an important organ, helping to protect and cover your inner organs and other important body systems. It is also one of your most visible organs. As a result, it is important to keep your skin in a healthy condition. Unfortunately, as with most things, your skin can experience a number of problems. Many of these conditions can be addressed by your Coral Springs dermatologists, one of which may include rosacea.

What Is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic skin disease, thought to be even more common than is presently reported. Many people, however, do not know enough about the condition to realize they have it, or may mistake it for another condition. Generally, rosacea is marked by a reddening of the skin, particularly upon the cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead, but it can also be separated into four different types. The first type is known as Erythematotelangiectatic (ETR) rosacea, which is characterized by facial redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels. Papulopustular rosacea, also known as acne rosacea, has the swelling and redness in addition to acne-like bumps that may be pus filled. Ocular rosacea tends to have the same symptoms as ETR, along with dryness, irritation, swelling, and reddening of the eyelids and around the eyes. Rhinophyma can be a result of severe rosacea symptoms that have been left untreated, and is a thickening of the skin, usually on the nose or cheeks, due to a buildup of tissue in the sebaceous glands.

Causes and Triggers

The cause for rosacea is unknown, although there are certain risk factors associated with the condition, such as family history, having a fair complexion, a tendency to blush, a history of acne, and being between the ages of 30 to 60. Women also tend to be more prone to acquiring the condition, although men’s symptoms tend to be more severe. While there is not a known cause for rosacea, many people are able to identify their triggers for their symptoms. Common triggers include wind and sun exposure, alcohol consumption, hot weather, stress, hot baths, spicy foods, and extreme fluctuations in temperature.

Treating Rosacea

There is not a specific test used to diagnose rosacea, but rather a study of the symptom history, physical examination, and ruling out of other conditions. Currently, a cure for rosacea is not available, but symptoms can be managed. Treatment from your Coral Springs dermatologists will vary by your specific symptoms, but can include antibiotics in cream or pill form, acne medications, prescription eye drops or artificial tears, laser and light treatments for reduction of reddening caused by blood vessels, or possibly cosmetic surgery for treating rhinophyma.

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